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The Bobcat APC was Canada’s post-WWII absolutely enclosed, purpose-built Armored Personnel Carrier [APC] field. Canada’s aboriginal multi-role action vehicle, the “Chassis Tracked, Light” (better accepted as the Bobcat) in its basal anatomy featuring a cupola-mounted apparatus gun and a roll-back armored roof, from which the eleven infantrymen army in the aback alcove could fight.
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During the Second Apple War the Canadian Army had experimented with a array of calm architecture cartage and weapons systems, as able-bodied as improvements or modifications to absolute British and US designs. The Sexton self-propelled 25-pdr gun and Kangaroo APC are the best known, but there were abounding others which never progressed aloft distinct examples.
The Bobcat drew heavily on the acquaintance the Canadian army had during the War application Kangaroo APCs. The Bobcat adventure absolutely starts on the shores Normandy aloof afterwards the D-Day landings in 1944. As allotment of the alertness to abutting the Falaise Gap, General Guy Simmonds devised a two-part advance plan. First, tanks would accident a aperture in the German avant-garde lines. Again infantry, adequate in armoured vehicles, would chase through analytic out and antibacterial key rear breadth accumulation and advice areas. This sounds acceptable in theory, but there were no APCs at that time – at atomic not in Normandy.
So the aboriginal ones were fabricated in a appropriate Royal Corps of Electrical and Automated Engineering [RCEME] branch that was set up a few afar abaft the avant-garde lines. In four days, 250 RCEME Craftsmen adapted 70 M10 Priest Self-propelled 105mm accoutrements to become “Kangaroo” APCs. Their admission in action on 07 August 1944 was acknowledged and abounding added were made. By backward 1944 the absorbed was to catechumen bombastic Ram catchbasin hulls (Kangaroos) to abiding units for the aforementioned purpose.
For whatever reason, the absolutely tracked APC was bent by the Canadian infantry association to accept been a once-off wartime expedient; doctrinally, they accomplished into ablaze infantry tasks embodied by the air-portable Mobile Striking Force in the backward 1940s and aboriginal 1950s. The infantry units still active war-built Bren Gun and Universal carriers, which were breakable with age. In 1952, anticipation was accustomed to replacing these added aged vehicles.
In 1954, Cabinet accustomed funds for the development of a backup ancestor for account with the 1st Canadian Infantry Division, the Canadian Army’s NATO commitment. It took the Army until 1956 to agree its objectives apropos to the appointed “Carrier, Tracked Ablaze (CTL)” program. Shortages of development funds meant that the Bobcat had lagged abaft the M113 and the British FV 432, afterpiece in abstraction to the FV 432 than the M113. The claim was to assure troops adjoin baby accoutrements and carapace fragments, based on the WW II acquaintance with bisected tracks. Putting a roof on the agent was a big advance in protection, and the abounding clue was adopted because it was simpler than the auto and clue aggregate of the half-track, as able-bodied as accouterment the advancement to accumulate up with tanks.
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Back the activity was started in the mid-1950s it was on the arch bend of design. However, the activity suffered abounding delays because application regulations at the time fabricated it difficult to extend analysis and development projects aloft two years. As a result, ample abundant agent manufacturers such as GMC and Ford would not bid on the affairs to advance and body the prototypes. AEEE had recourse alone to baby manufacturers. However, it seemed that already a adjustment was in abode the aggregation would go broke and the Army would accept to alpha all over again. It was frustrating.
Three unarmored prototypes were authorized: two APCs and a self-propelled gun variant. The contractwas awarded to Leyland Motors of Longueuil, Quebec (later Canadian Car, and still after Hawker Siddeley of Canada, who brought their ability with aluminium assembly to bear). Afterwards accepting by the Army in 1958, the prototypes were put through a cardinal of tests, which alone served to ammunition Army enthusiasm, and the cardinal of cartage appropriate jumpe daccordingly to 1567. Six armored prototypes were again ordered; with the agent now actuality appointed Bobcat.
Although alone a balloon vehicle, it was an absorbing idea. There were to be a cardinal of variants, all of which were advised to be air-portable application the RCAFs C-119 carriage aircraft. The 105mm SPH which had belted bisect and some challeges with acclivity as the attic boards had to be removed to blaze aloft 800 mils elevation. Othr variants included an anti-tank guided-missile vehicle, a 106 mm recoilless burglarize version,and an 81 mm adhesive carrier. These cartage were to be army on acommon anatomy so that interoperability and acclimation could aftermath accumulation in aliment and efficiencies in logistic support. Initial estimates adumbrated that 1050 cartage were required.
The blueprint for the Ablaze Reconnaissance Catchbasin (LRT) adaptation of Bobcat were robust, as approaching versions of the LRT had to be able of accepting the DAVY CROCKETT blazon of nuclear weapon. In its final form, the Bobcat LRT was declared to be able with a British Saladin turret, ascent a 76 mm gun and two or four SS-11 Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) launchers with accouterment for a Davy Crockett launcher.
The infantry adaptation was an aboriginal Infantry Angry Agent [IFV] – not alone did it accept a turret (however limited), but anniversary soldier additionally had a roof bear which accustomed him to blaze out of the vehicle. In contrast, the M113 “battle taxi” advised an advance with the troops axial the APCs, who would alight 200-300 meters from the cold and abutting in on foot. Neither the M-113 nor the FV-430 was a Automatic InfantryCombat Agent (MICV); they were both APCs. The Soviets and Germans anon alone the APC assemble in favor of the IFV with the addition of the BMP and Marder. The Americans and British did not embrace MICVs until the 1980s.
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By 1962, Canadair had the adjustment and had congenital several prototypes. By then, development assignment on the Bobcat Canadian advised APC, was in abounding beat in the Army Equipment Engineering Establishment [AEEE] Argyle Avenue address in Ottawa, its engineering analysis sites in Orleans and Montreal Road, and and its engineering development appointment in 202 Base Workshop.
Bombcat had some odd appearance that fabricated it inferior to both the M113 and FV 432. These included a turret for a .30 MG that could alone blaze in the avant-garde arc and an odd drive shaft adjustment that ran through the aggregation compartment. One of the big problems claimed with the Bobcat in automated agreement was the clue system, allegedly it wasn’t as asperous or soldier affidavit as the systems on added cartage and was decumbent to afford its tracks. It was delayed in allotment by the adjournment in developing the DU ammo for the 20mm cannon it was declared to carry.
One botheration accompanying to the careful agency of the armor prompted a re-appraisal of the program. There were several Bobcat prototypes. One adaptation activated a new blazon of aluminium armor sandwich developed by the Canadian Army Analysis and Development Establishment (CARDE); addition had a balmy animate hull. Bobcat had to be able to handle baby accoutrements blaze of 12.7 mm at 500 meters, but not all versions could accommodated American and/or British requirements. Marrying up all requirements with the money to aftermath twenty added pilot cartage added added delays.
Bobcat connected to appointment delays and political interference. The prototypes bootless their 2000-mile tests, which meant that the abeyance arrangement had to be redesigned. The aluminium versions were additionally arise (enough that a anchor could be put through the floor) in analytical places on the analysis vehicles. The animate adaptation was the alone acceptable version, but it was added big-ticket and added and accordingly would not accommodated the air carriage requirement. Budgetary cuts by the Diefenbaker Government affected the Army to annihilate the amount carrier adaptation as able-bodied as the Ablaze Recce Catchbasin and accord the infantry angry adaptation priority. The numbers were bargain to500 vehicles, which in about-face added assemblage cost.
By 1962 a accommodation had been fabricated to advancement the Army’s action adequacy by authoritative its infantry mechanized. An APC was axial to this plan. Therefore, the Canadian Army aback had an burning appeal for an APC. The US Army already was application APCs. It had the M113 congenital FMC. The Army, internally disconnected on whether the Bobcat was doctrinally a troop carrier or angry vehicle, was annoyed of waiting.
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In 1963 the government afflicted and Pearson replaced Diefenbaker. Bobcat bootless addition 2000-mile trial. Development of the Bobcat was alone in favor of the acquirement of the M113 from the US. The arduous aggregate of assembly for US and adopted markets fabricated the assemblage amount of an M-113 far lower than any Bobcat could achievement to be. The Bobcat APC could accept entered account but its assemblage costs ability accept been actual high. Abate countries can advance the apple in assertive baddest areas if they choose. At the aforementioned time, a abate aggressive charge beware of the pitfalls back attempting ample complete systems. The beyond the system, no amount how technologically avant-garde or avant-garde they may be initially, the beyond the accident of failure. The AVRO ARROW and BOBCAT APC projects are prime examples.
There is a distinct archetype in the Canadian Forces Museum Borden. The armoured agent architecture mostly contains cartage that are accompanying to the development of armoured warfare in Canada. There are some actual attenuate Canadian-made cartage on display, including three Rams, a Sexton, a Grizzly (Canadian-built M4A1 Sherman) Firefly, a Valentine Mark VI, and the alone actual archetype of the Bobcat APC, the fully-tracked agent developed during the 1950s.
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